3 Critical Parts Of Your Brain You Must Know & Why

Welcome back! Well, that’s if you read my previous blog article. If you haven’t, you can check it out later and so I’ll just simply say “Welcome!”… again. Alright, let me start out by saying that if you haven’t realized it yet, you have the most advanced, most powerful computer that has ever been created, and it’s right between your ears. Therefore, listen to (or read) what I’m about to tell you.
Although what I’m about to say may sound a little cliché, you can’t escape this fact and you’ll soon realize that. So here it is: Once you learn to harness and use the power in your brain, this will help you accomplish incredible things in life, that includes whatever goals you’re endeavoring to achieve, which I’m hoping you do have. For if you’re not even considering any goals in life, then you really don’t need a brain… article.
Anyway, because your brain is such a powerful machine, understandably it’s rather complex. In fact you need to have a complex brain to understand a more simple brain like a bird’s brain. So imagine what it will take to understand your brain which is nowhere near as simple as a bird brain.
Nevertheless, your brain is such a critical biological innovation that you just might want to understand if you really want to achieve great things in life. And that’s why we’re here where we are, the most important puzzle piece within you, yet a very puzzling piece to grasp.
But don’t worry, this is why we’re breaking your brain down gradually. It’s totally possible for you to have an understanding of your brain, perhaps not a total understanding, but at least what you need. Now, in the previous article we divided your brain into two parts, the Left Hemisphere and the Right Hemisphere.
So now let’s break it down a little more, into the three parts that your brain can be divided. And so here they are: the Forebrain, the Midbrain and the Hindbrain.

parts of the brain quiz

The Forebrain: This is known as the most advanced part of the three, and it’s what makes you more intellectually advanced than all the animals on the planet. Yes, even dolphins! Although other parts of your brain may also be found in some animals, no animal has such sophisticated brain parts as those found in your Forebrain. It contains the Cerebrum and the Cerebral Cortex which we’ll talk more about below.
The Forebrain is responsible for things such as sensation, conscious movements, thoughts, emotions, behavior and speech. Yet as we break your brain down more, we’ll get into the specifics of other areas within your Forebrain and their function. For now, let’s consider the following.
  • The Cerebrum: The Cerebrum is the largest and perhaps the most important part of the human brain. It’s the main part within the Forebrain that separates you from all animals. The Cerebrum contains four essential lobes that are responsible for higher brain functions such as thoughts, imagination, judgement, reasoning, decision making, perception and deliberate actions.This means that it’s also responsible for your visual, auditory and motor processing. The Cerebrum is actually what people think their whole brain looks like. Yet, keep your Cerebrum in mind as it’s the part of your brain we will be breaking down into four parts in the next article.
  • The Cerebral Cortex: This is the upper outer layer of your brain that looks like a wrinkly balled up sheet, basically the surface of the Cerebrum. It’s composed of six thin layers of Neurons that are on top of the White Matter pathways in your brain. The Cerebral Cortex can actually be found in humans as well as other mammals such as dolphins, chimps and dogs.
The Midbrain: Well to state the obvious, this is the part of the brain that’s in the middle of your brain. It’s between the Forebrain and the Hindbrain, which in fact connects the two. The Midbrain is responsible for controlling your vision, hearing, vocal cords, tongue, lips, mandibles, respiratory muscles, basically most parts related to your face. It even controls the way you laugh! The Midbrain is part of thCentral Nervous System linked to vision, hearing, sleep, arousal, wakefulness, temperature regulation and motor control.
The Hindbrain: This is the lower back of your brain that contains the CerebellumPons and the Medulla Oblongata. Is it just me or does the Medulla Oblongata sound like the perfect villain name! Anyway, the Hindbrain is considered the most primitive part of your brain and is in fact found in various types of animals. The Hindbrain is responsible for instincts and automated actions such as your heart rate and breathing. Yet let’s check out these three parts in your Hindbrain a little further.

how the brain works book

  • The CerebellumAlso known as the Little Brain, it is mainly responsible for regulating and coordinating muscle movements that allow you to do things such as walk, grab and talk. It’s what allowed you stand up straight with good posture and balance when mamma told you to. The Cerebellum uses information perceived from your Vestibular System such as through your eyes and ears, as well as your Motor SystemsBasal Ganglia and the Spinal Cord. Then it integrates this information with your muscles to help coordinate and influence outgoing motor pathways from your brain, for proper muscle movements relative to the space around you. In other words, it sends out signals to the nerve cells throughout your body which tell your muscles what you want them to do.The Cerebellum is also responsible for the talents and skills you develop through repeated practice such as learning to play the guitar. It takes over on remembering what you practice through procedure memory. So the more you practice something, the better the Cerebellum becomes at knowing which muscles and nerves to stimulate every time. That’s why there are sayings like ‘Practice makes perfect.’
Have you ever heard that it takes 10,000 hours of practice for you to become an expert at something? Well it’s kind of true. You see, your Cerebellum is the main beneficiary when you practice something, especially something kinesthetic. Therefore, because the Cerebellum sends out signals to tell your muscles what you want them to do, remembers what you practice, and becomes better at stimulating nerves and muscle movement, all you really have to do in essence is repeat an action that will help you towards whatever goal you’re aiming for.
Alright perhaps that sounded a little basic, yet this seems to be the most difficult part of the process for many people. Maybe, just maybe, it’s due to the lack of self-discipline! Look, I could tell you all day to get started or to keep grinding and practicing the necessary actions without quitting, yet obviously this is a lot easier said than done. That’s why the ‘getting started’ point and the ‘not quitting’ point are the main areas people fail in life. They either never start or they give up after they have started!
That’s why it just might be a good idea for you to list the important things you must do in priority order, turn it into an agenda with deadlines, then set a schedule for yourself throughout the week where you lock down what you need to start doing and start doing it. In fact, you need to start now, and as soon as you start, that needs to become your practice. Remember that practice makes… well you know the rest. Yet, I believe that practicing something means doing something significant over and over until you have mastered it, and have also mastered the self-discipline needed to keep moving forward without quitting.
All of this may all just be a start, yet a good start at that! You see, it takes a lot of momentum to get something weighty moving, like pushing a car. Yet after a great deal of pushing, resistance decreases as momentum increases and therefore the process becomes easier. Great accomplishments in life are weighty too, therefore the same goes for your goals. You’ve got to put a lot of hustle up front if you want to have it smooth or even possibly on cruise control later. And that’s what your Cerebellum will do for you!

If you would take at least two hours a day to practice the necessary, such repetition will strengthen your cerebellum’s memory and make massive improvements on signaling your nerves and muscles on appropriate and relevant movements. It’s like you’re building muscles in your brain to make better use of your actual muscles. Well, there is something called muscle memory too!

So the more you practice the more automatic and easy the process becomes, the closer you get to expert level, and the closer you get to your goal. Once again though, scheduling throughout the week what you must do is necessary for the self-discipline you need to get started and practicing that which you must do to be able to have what you must have.

Back To Your Brain Parts…

  • The Pons: Although it sounds plural, the Pons is a singular part within your Hindbrain, yet with multiple important functions. For example, it helps control and regulate your breathing frequency, depth and intensity. It’s also involved in your sleep cycles, mainly regulating deep sleep and even believed to be responsible for your dreams.Your Pons also serves as a bridge, transmitting messages between several parts of your brain such as your Cerebellum to your Cerebrum. Therefore without your Pons your brain would simply not work, as the parts within it would not be able to communicate with each other.


Sleep is obviously very important for your brain, and for your body, yet I’m sure you already knew this. I realized this the hard way, since I’ve struggled with maintaining a good sleep habit. Without enough sleep your brain will eventually go haywire, like a computer that’s not properly rebooted. When you get enough sleep however, you’re able to remember things better, be more creative, be more accurate, make less mistakes, make better choices, overall your brain simply works better and faster, plus you’ll feel better.

Furthermore, when you sleep well, your brain is able to remove harmful toxins that build up while you’re awake. Not to mention that this is when your brain releases growth hormones that help you grow new cells, repair damaged tissue, develop stronger muscles, reduce stress, and even make your skin look younger. In essence, getting enough sleep helps you look better, in addition to having a brain that works better.

Therefore, you need your beauty sleep! And make that eight hours of sleep to be exact. Yet, what if you have problems going to sleep? Well, NyQuil may put you out but may not be the safest when used frequently. That’s why to no surprise Melatonin comes in handy here. In fact, I still use it at times!

Melatonin is actually a hormone that’s made naturally by your Pineal Gland, in your brain. It works with your Circadian Rhythm which is basically your internal clock. In other words, triggered by the darkness of night, it let’s your body know that it’s time to go to sleep.

The problem is that sometimes things such as stress and too much light at night may reduce our levels of Melatonin, hence sleep difficulties. Therefore, taking an appropriate dosage of Melatonin will help you fall asleep better.

    Back To Your Brain Parts…

  • The Medulla Oblongata: Also known as simply the Medulla, it’s a cone-shaped part of your brain that’s located between the Pons and your Spinal Cord. In fact, it transfers signals from your brain to your Spinal Cord. The Medulla is responsible for maintaining and regulating many involuntary things such as breathing, temperature, sweating, heart rate and blood pressure. In addition to that, it’s involved in your sneezing, swallowing, digestion, coughing… oh and when you have a hangover, because it handles your vomiting too.


Because health is obviously important, especially if you’re striving to achieve something in life, it’s important to have good control of your blood pressure to be able to maintain good health. It’s also important to stay alive if you want to accomplish great things! And being that Heart Disease is the number one human killer in the US, you might want to consider helping your Medulla Oblongata regulate your blood pressure.

And by the way, that’s just one horrible thing uncontrolled blood pressure causes! High blood pressure can also cause heart attacks, stroke, kidney disease, vision loss and even sexual malfunction (that last one should totally motivate you). Therefore, consider the following 14 ways you can help your Medulla keep good control of your blood pressure:

1.Watch your weight, this means not eating too much. 

2.In addition to not eating too much, you want to make sure you eat healthy which includes things such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

3.Exercise throughout the week, regardless of whether you need to lose weight or not. At least thirty minutes every other day usually works.

4.Supplements such as Genius Heart and Beet Root can certainly help.

5.Consume a healthy amount of salt, mainly sodium. This means about 1,500 mg a day.

6.Don’t consume too much sugar either. Sorry I don’t have a measurement for this one, just avoid eating too many sweets yes.

7.Don’t drink too much alcohol. Sorry I don’t have a measurement for this one either, yet I’m sure common sense can help you here.

8.Don’t smoke, it’s that simple.

9.Laugh more! I love this one.

10.Love more! I love this one too.

11.Listen to music that makes you feel good and happy.

12.Do whatever you can to avoid getting stressed out about things, or to reduce it if you do get stressed.

13.Associate more with people that care about you.

14.Ask your doctor for help and tips on how to control your blood pressure.

how the brain works psychology


Alright that’s all we’ve got for now, because too much can be overwhelming. Remember that we’re breaking your brain down gradually, one step at a time. We have just broken it down into three sections and covered some of the parts within them.

Yet, there are many more critical parts in your brain that you’ve got to find out about in order to keep your momentum going. Little by little you’re getting a realization on how magnificently designed you are and how you can use what you’re made of to your advantage. Ergo, in the next article we’re going to divide your Cerebrum into four parts and reveal the parts within them. 

A Review:

  • Although your brain is a puzzling piece, it’s the most important puzzle piece within you that you just might want to grasp. 
  • Your brain can be divided into three sections called the Forebrain, Midbrain and Hindbrain. 
  • The Forebrain consists of the Cerebrum and the Cerebral Cortex. 
  • The Hindbrain consists of the Cerebellum, Pons and the Medulla. 
  • We’re going to divide your brain into four parts on the next article.
  • As a reminder, although I make sure to recommend the most effective, trustworthy and high-quality supplements, it still may be a good idea to consult with a doctor before taking anything, especially if you have allergies.

Did You Know?

Although the cerebellum takes over on remembering what you practice through procedure memory, it is believed that muscles themselves have memory space as well. Imagine what that can mean for you if you consciously put it to use!

Next Article: 4 Critical Parts Of Your Brain You Must Know And Why →

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3 thoughts on “

  1. Thanks for publishing this awesome article. I’m actually learning about the human brain in school and this article really helped!

  2. Hello There. I discovered your blog and just want to say that it’s an extremely smartly written article. I like how you’re describing our brain and connecting it with our potential

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